Under the Anti Bullying Laws in California, the term “bullying” is predominantly used. The state has passed a separate law identifying harassment. The California Education Code 32261, 32262, 32265, 32270, and 48900 are some of the clearly written policies of the state that helps students, parents, guardians, school personnel and volunteers to understand bullying and provide as much help as they can give.
All types of bullying are covered in the state’s law including cyber-bullying (AB 746), which was passed by Assembly Woman Nora Campos.
The law covers certain groups such as:
- Association with a person or group with one or more of these actual or perceived characteristics
- Sexual Orientation
Key Points in the Anti Bullying Laws in California:
Definition of “bullying” as any act of student or group of students that cause severe or pervasive physical, verbal act of conduct including written and by means of electronic acts.
- Caused or threatened to cause, or attempted to cause physical injury to another student.
- Willfully used violence or force to another student excluding self-defense.
- Definition of “electronic acts” that means transmission of communication using:
- Post on a social network or internet website
- Use of electronic device
- Wireless telephone
- Wireless communication device
- Recommended punishments for students who are guilty in any forms of bullying acts.
- Scope of school property:
- Electronic files and data bases
- School grounds
- While going to or coming from school
- During lunch period whether on or off campus
- School-sponsored activities
- Duties and responsibilities of partnerships
Bullying Laws in California – Prevention:
In addition, the California Department of Education provided further information about bullying with “Bullying and Hate-Motivated Behavior Prevention.” It clearly identifies bullying as a serious form of violence that can be:
- Physical: hitting, kicking, pushing, spitting
- Verbal: name-calling, teasing, threatening
- Psychological: excluding someone, intimidating, spreading rumors
- Sexual: assault, exhibitionism, touching
Healthy Workplace Bill in California
The State of California was the first one to introduce the Healthy Workplace Bill. But the bill has not been passed yet since the petition letter is still 56 short of signatures needed for the bill to be passed.